The Mujaddid of the Fifteenth Century
Mohammad Feroz Khan*
Mujaddid means reformer, reviver and protector from all evil deeds. In every century at the beginning, Allah Subhanahu Ta’la sends mujaddid for the nation for the sake of His devotee to protect them from all kinds of evils and superstitions. There are many mujaddid-e Ahle Sunnat who took important contribution on Islam by performing or reforming the quiet sunnah with the help of the Quran, Sunnah, Ijma, Kias etc. to remove from the society all kinds of bad influences and revive the Sunnat-e Rassol Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam. In this regards the passage will describe about the contribution of the mujaddid of fifteenth century.
In Hadith Sharif Rasool-e pak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam says that in every century Allah Subhanahu Ta’la sends a mujaddid to reform the sunnat-e Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam which is almost lifeless. He appears as a Mujaddid and a Gawse Jaman at a time who creates new activities for the welfare of Deen and Islam. He will revive the Deen through reformation.
Sayyiduna Abu-Hurayrah Radi ALLAHu Anho narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:
ان الله تعالى يبعث لهذه الامة على رأس كلّ مائة سنة من يجدد لها دينها
Verily Allah will send at the beginning of every century such a person for this Ummah who will revive and restore their religion (Deen).
If we analyze the life of Hazratul Allama Rahnuma-e Shariat wa Tariqat Hadi-e Deen wa Millat Awlad-e Rasool Murshid-e Barhaque Alhaj Shahsufi Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah Rahmatuallahi Alaihi, we will realize and rocognise that Huzur Qibla is the mujaddid of the fifteenth century without any doubt. He was simultaneously a Gawse Jaman and a Mujaddid as a beloved vicegerent of Allah. Hazratul Allama Alhaj Shahsufi Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah Rahmatuallahi Alaihi was born on 1336 Hizri. From childhood there was some signs in Huzur Qibla that Huzur Qibla was the beloved of Allah Subhanahu Ta’la. Huzur Qibla was the great model of Huzur Karim Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. He was one of the greatest representatives of Shariat and Tariqat.
In practising Tariqat he was the follower of Quaderia Tariqa. Spreading the Quaderia Tariqa Huzur Qibla took great contribution to raise the greatness and superiority of this Tariqa. Quaderia Silsila is available not only in Arab country but also in the Asia Subcontinent by the great activities of Huzur Qibla Rahmatulla Alaihi. Huzur Qibla was the “Madarjat Awlia” means the qualities of awlia was appeared from the childhood when Huzur Qibla was in a tender age. In the divine touch of Huzur Qibla the garden of Shariat has bloomed and then widen the field of Tariqat. Huzur Qibla was become a worthy Alim-e Deen by the supervision of Huzur Qibla’s father and Pir-Murshid Hazratul Allama Hafiz Qari Alhaj Syed Ahmad Shah Sirikoti Rahmatullahi Alaihi. Huzur Qibla dedicated himself to spread the Dinee knowledge to the pathless and confounded people. Huzur Qibla was the teacher and Principal of Jamia Rahmania Islamia Madrasah which was established by Khwaja Abdur Rahman Chowrabi Rahmatullahi Alaihi. After that he was selected as a ‘Chief Khalifa’ of “Silsila-e Alia Quaderia” in 1958. Huzur Qibla converted confounded Muslims to a Sunni-Allah fearing Muslim in Bangladesh, Yangon and many other places where Huzur Qibla has gone and also spread the Quaderia Silsila by performing Bayat.
Launching Gawsia Committee Bangladesh: The great foremost work of Huzur Qibla is establishing Gawsia Committee Bangladesh in 1986. By launching this unpolitical organization, Huzur Qibla has made a bridge between the people and religious work. People from all kinds, participating themselves in religious work by learning shariat and Tariqat. Through Gawsia Committee, people enlighten themselves with self-purification, salvation and righteousness. Infect Gawsia Committee is a revolution of social reformation. It is not only active in Bangladesh but also spreading its branches all over the world. The planning of organizing Gawsia Committee is 1. by taking Bayat and Sobok from kamil pir and murshid of silsila-e Alia Quaderia including this school of self-purification. 2. Becoming the member of Gawsia Committee they will take such a training so that they can become a bright person who free from all kinds of egoism, envy, allurement and pride. 3. Raising consciousness about the belief of sunniat and misconception of wrong sect, one will make himself as a perfect leader by giving necessary fundamental education and training. 4. Performing duties of sunniat and tariqat specially trustful to the regulation of Murshid-e Barhaque, madrasah and Anjuman. Through the teaching of fundamental regulation of Gawsia Committee anyone makes himself Insan-e-Kamil (Perfect Human). So the person who become the member of Gawsia Committee, we do not expect from him/her any evil deed. It is the great power of Awlia-e Keram who saves his follower from all kinds of wrongdoing and inhuman acts. By this way, Huzur Qibla has made the society become peaceful, prevail goodwill and free from jealousy.
Reforming Jashne Julus-e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam: Reviving or establishing one sunnah in the society by anyone, he will take the award of dignity as same as 100 martyrs.
The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said, “For him who holds fast to my sunnah at the time of corruption of my ummah, is the reward of a hundred martyrs” (Bayhaqi).
Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is such kind of sunnah revived by Alhaj Shahsufi Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah Rahmatuallahi Alaihi. So we can undoubtedly say that Huzur Qibla is a Mujaddid of this century as well as fifteenth century. Huzur Qibla ordered to Anjuman-e-Rahmania Sunnia Alia to celebrate the Mawlid un Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam or appearance/ arrival day in this earth of Huzur Pak Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam in 1974. The chief khalifa of Huzur Qibla, Alhaj Nur Mohammad Al-Quaderi Rahmatullahi’s presiding, the first Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was held in Chittagong in Bangladesh. After that Huzur Qibla presided the Jashne Julus in 1976. Eventually every year magnificent Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is held everywhere in the country as well as all over the world.
Now Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is the identification of sunniat. There was a period when Anjuman-e-Rahmania Sunnia Alia first started Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, so called different darbars and olamas stand against this sunnah by showing different logic. But Islam wants document. No one proved that Jashne Julus-e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is against sunnah rather they accepted it as a Bidath-e Hasanah. Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has been held as universally admitted and observed which is the reformation of Huzur Qibla Rahmatullahi Alaihi. It was held from 1976-1986 with the leadership of Huzur Qibla. Now Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is a govt. holiday not only in Bangladesh but also in all Muslim country. Now at this time every sunni mashaek arranges ‘Jashne Julus’ by its own darbar and even they declare that they are the founder of Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. On the other hand, many confounded theorists celebrated ‘Jashne Julus’ which has made this reformation universal. Today ‘Jashne Julus’ is included in Islamic Programme. The significant of ‘Jashne Julus’ is overwhelming. The situation of celebrating Jashne Julus- e Eid-e Miladunnabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was not the same when Huzur Qibla first declared to observe this day maintaining Quran and Sunnah.
Reviving Tariqa-e Quaderia: Tariqa-e Quaderia originated by Hazrat Abdul Quader Jilani Rahmatullahi Ta’la Alaihi is the main branch of Islami Spiritual world. Huzur Allama Alhaj Shahsufi Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah Rahmatuallahi Alaihi was the most fortunate chief Khalifa and reformer of this Tariqa. This Tariqa has regained its life by his hand. The seed which was sown by Hazrat Syed Ahmad Shah Sirikoti Rahmatullahi Alaihi, that turned into a big banyan tree with abundance of fruits and flowers by the hands of Huzur Qibla. In Quaderia Tariqa one of the reformation Huzur Qibla were newly brought in Khatam-e Gawsia Sharif, Gyaravi Sharif and Baravi Sharif. Established by Huzur Gawse Pak Radi Allahu Anhu this Khateme Gawsia Sharif and Gyaravi Sharif are being celebrated today home to home, area to area in day-night. This religious programmes are occupied by the Huzur Qibla’s Holy Hand. Especially Huzur Qibla added various fascinating audible na’at-e rasool and Kasida sharif with this Khatam Sharif has made this programme more attractive.
Contribution in Deene Education: In spreading of Deen or Islam there is a great contribution of Huzur Qibla Rahmatullahi Ta’ala Alaihi. Huzur Qibla made a tour from North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan to Bangladesh only for 1 or 2 weeks in every year. It is not easy to say that within a short period of time Huzur Qibla established so many Madrasahs and Khaneka Sharif in this country. Today in Bangladesh influenced by Huzur Qibla there are almost 100 madrasahs running on with well restrained. From these madrasahs every year thousands of Alim-e deen (Taleeb-e Elam) is spreading in all sectors in all over the country as well as throughout the world. From these madrasahs, the student are engaged in not only spreading sunniat but also work as a doctor, engineer, architecture, judge, magistrate, barrister and so on. By finding the true way of Islam everybody is running into it to take the accurate taste of Islam. Jamia Ahmadia Sunnia Alia and Jamia Quaderia Tayebia Alia are the example of such kinds of Madrasah of those. These madrasah are contributing to make society peaceful, stable and collision free.
In the above discussion we can say that if Allah subhanahu Ta’la did not send Huzur Qibla Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah Rahmatullahi Ta’la Alaihi in the world, the world would prevail darkness with batil or wrong sect specially in sub-continent. We are fortunate to become the follower of this great Pir and Murshid who is the mujaddid of the fifteenth century.
- Tarjuman-e Ahle Sunnat, (2013): Chittagong, Anjuman Press
- Gawsia Committee Bangladesh: What and Why, (2012): Chittagong, Anjuman Press
* Lecturer: (English) Qaderiya Tayeabia Kamil Madrasah.